- 18July 2017
The teaching of phonics in schools in many countries around the world is very common. Whilst there are alternative methods for teaching children to read and write, phonics is widely regarded as being one of the most effective. As a teaching method it is thought to provide many benefits to children who are just beginning to understand how sounds are associated with individual letters, groups of letters, and full words.
The teaching of phonics is very effective at raising a child’s phonemic awareness. Every word is made up of individual components which can be sounded out. These are known as phonemes, and they represent the very essence of how phonics education works. Phonics allows children to hear phonemes, identify them, and understand how the sounds and their associated letters correlate with one another.
The teaching of phonics has been shown to give children a comprehension of how words are constructed very quickly. It helps them to develop text recognition skills, which in turn leads to attaining the ability to read and write. By breaking down words into individual components phonics has also been shown to be very effective at providing children with the skills they need to be able to spell correctly.
Phonics encourages children to recognize text fluently by teaching them certain specific language rules relating to the pronunciation of words and how they are represented in a written form. As these rules are learned it results in an ever expanding vocabulary. Children develop the ability to be able to recognize specific patterns within words, which allows them to identify other words with similar phonemes.
It can be seen, therefore, that from an educator’s perspective phonics has generated extremely successful results. However, one of the most important benefits of the system is the learning experience offered to the children who are being taught. The teaching of phonics incorporates many essential language skills which are required throughout life, and whilst this responsibility is extremely serious, the method of teaching need not be.
Put very simply, the teaching of phonics is often designed to be fun for children. It is believed that this enhances the learning experience, and ultimately results in a more thorough development of reading and writing skills. Therefore, at Big Foot Pre School, there are often games involved with lessons, for example when blending individual phonemes together or identifying rhyming words. The lessons are usually very vibrant, with clear visual representations of words such as “dog”, “duck”, “drum”.
For the children themselves the lessons are a fun experience, and as their skills develop they will take great pride in their growing vocabulary and their new found ability to read, write, and spell.